# Difference between Abacus and Vedic Maths

## Difference between Abacus and Vedic Maths

Many parents have this question in mind – What is the difference between Abacus and Vedic Mathematics? Well both are ancient methods used for doing mathematical calculations in a faster and accurate way. Both remove math fear and create interest in doing the calculations with negligible use of pen and with fewer steps.
Learning Abacus and Vedic Math does not conflict with the conventional method of teaching maths in school, it helps the child relate more to math

Abacus :
Origin :
The word Abacus is a Greek word which means a tabular form. This was in use in Europe, China and Russia centuries before the adoption of the written Hindu–Arabic numeral system and was also widely used in Japan as Sorobon.

What is it ?
Abacus was a primitive tool used for mathematical calculations. Beads are assigned a particular value and are moved up and down in various columns to represent the numbers. Student remembers the bead positions and the relevant notation. Calculation necessitates moving both the hand and is based on movement of beads.

When to start:
Abacus math can be started at very early childhood, as young as age 4. Abacus math starts at very basic level by teaching the numbers and then progressing to calculations.

Benefit:
When children use both hands to move the abacus beads to perform arithmetic calculations, there is quick communication between the hands and the brain that stimulates both the right and left hemispheres of the brain. This promotes rapid, balanced whole brain development. Abacus also builds confidence, improves problem-solving skill, kindles creativity, and enhances concentration and mental endurance.

Topics covered:
Ideally covers Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division

Vedic Maths:
Origin:
Vedic Mathematics is ancient system of calculation translated from Vedas (ancient scriptures written in Sanskrit, as old as 5000 B.C.) by Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji (1884-1960) and translated the complex text into simpler understandable mathematics.

What is it?
Vedic Mathematics is centered on 16 Vedic sutras and 14 sub sutras, which are actually word-formulae describing natural ways of solving mathematical problems. Some of the sutras are
Ekadhikina Purvena : By one more than the previous one
Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah: All from 9 and the last from 10
Urdhva-Tiryagbyham: Vertically and crosswise

Benefits:
The 16 one-line formulae can be effortlessly memorized and empowers one to solve long and difficult mathematical problems quickly. These formulae define the way the mind naturally works and helps in directing the student to the suitable method of solution. It’s a flexible mental system and students can invent their own methods and not limited to one method. This leads to added creativity, curiosity and interest in maths.

When to start:
Vedic math concepts can be started at any age. Ideally core Vedic maths concepts can be started after 10 years

Topics covered:
Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division, Squares, Cubes, Square Roots, Cube Roots, Simultaneous Equation, Quadratic Equations, Factorization, Percentage Calculations, Trigonometry, Calculus etc.

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